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Diabetic Neuropathy: FAQs + Important Information

Diabetic Neuropathy FAQs and Info


Diabetes impacts multiple organs and their functions. Poorly controlled diabetes can cause cardiovascular issues, kidney problems, vision problems and nerve problems. 


One of the most common side effects of diabetes is damage to the nerves. This condition is known as diabetic neuropathy. DN causes a number of painful symptoms, including shooting pains, numbness, tingling and muscle pain.


It is extremely important for people with diabetes to be regularly screened for diabetic neuropathy. It is also important for diabetics to understand the signs and symptoms of this condition.


Here are some important FAQs and information. 






What is Diabetic Neuropathy?



Diabetic neuropathy is


nerve damage that occurs


in up to 50% of people with diabetes



1




Individuals with Type 2 diabetes are recommended to begin screening for diabetic neuropathy



immediately following diagnosis



. For individuals with Type 1 diabetes, screening is recommended to begin



five years after diagnosis


2


 

Some patients experience few or no symptoms from this condition, while others may experience pain, tingling and other symptoms. 

Why Does Diabetes Cause Neuropathy?


Diabetes that isn’t carefully managed causes ongoing high blood glucose levels. Over time, high blood glucose causes damage and malfunction in nerve cells, most commonly in the peripheral nerves.


Diabetic peripheral neuropathy occurs when the peripheral nerves are damaged by sustained high blood sugar


3



.


Types of Diabetic Neuropathy


Of the

four major types


of neuropathy that affects people with diabetes,




three are considered polyneuropathy



. Polyneuropathy is nerve damage that affects multiple nerves. 


There are four main types of neuropathy common in people with diabetes:




Peripheral Neuropathy:



This is the



most common form



of diabetic neuropathy. Peripheral neuropathy damages the peripheral nerves. This conditions most commonly affects the feet and legs. 




Proximal Neuropathy


:



This form of neuropathy is often called




diabetic amyotrophy.




Proximal neuropathy mainly affects the muscles, causing muscle weakness and sciatica. This condition is the



second-most common form



of neuropathy in diabetics.




Autonomic Neuropathy


:



This form of neuropathy affects the autonomic nerves (those that control involuntary bodily functions). The urinary tract, cardiovascular system, genital organs and digestive system are commonly impacted by autonomic neuropathy. 




Focal Neuropathy


:



Focal neuropathy is the only form of diabetic neuropathy that is categorized as



mononeuropathy



. Focal neuropathy affects one specific nerve, most commonly those in the head and eyes. Because it affects only single nerves, focal neuropathy has different symptoms and complications than other types of neuropathy.


What Are the Symptoms of Diabetic Neuropathy?



The most common symptoms of



diabetic peripheral neuropathy



include:





– Numbness, tingling, and pain in the feet and legs

– Sharp or cramping pain in the feet and legs

– Hypersensitivity to temperature and touch

– Slow healing or non-healing wounds on the legs and feet



Common symptoms of



autonomic neuropathy



include:





– Reduced awareness of low blood sugar

– Bladder problems 

– Bowel problems

– Gastroparesis (slow stomach emptying)

– Issues with sexual response



Common symptoms of



proximal neuropathy



include severe



pain in the stomach, hips and thighs


. Other symptoms include shrinking or weakened muscles in the thighs. 



The most common symptoms of focal neuropathy are vision issues, including



double vision and aching behind one of the eyes


. Other symptoms include Bell’s palsy, weakness in the hands and tingling in the hands.




Treatment for Diabetic Neuropathy Pain


If you are a diabetic and are concerned about neuropathy, it’s important to visit your doctor as soon as possible. A diagnosis can help you determine which lifestyle changes and treatments may help you. 

If you’re suffering from debilitating neuropathy pain due to diabetes, a pain specialist may be able to help you. 



Treatment options for diabetic neuropathy include medical management, certain medications, nerve blocks and


spinal cord stimulation therapy



Pain Treatment Centers of America specializes in


treating painful diabetic neuropathy


at each of our ten clinics across Arkansas.


Contact us today


to learn more about our treatments or to schedule your appointment. 


Sources:



  1. “Epidemiology of Peripheral Neuropathy and … – NCBI – NIH.” 27 Aug. 2019, .

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6755905/


    .



  2. “Simple tests to screen for diabetic peripheral … – NCBI – NIH.” 30 Jul. 2018,


    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6513498/


    .



  3. “Why You Need to Control Your Blood Sugar to Avoid Diabetic ….” 20 Feb. 2020,


    Why You Need to Control Your Blood Sugar to Avoid Diabetic Neuropathy


    .


#Diabetic #Neuropathy #FAQs #Important #Information

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