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Chief minister Andrew Barr describes the Australian Capital Territory’s choice to legalise cannabis possession for private use as an “evolution, not a revolution”.

That is surely the way Stephanie , a Canberra resident who has smoked cannabis for a year, sees it.

“I was beneath the impression it was currently decriminalised,” Stephanie says, describing the present penalty regime – in which possession of significantly less than 50g is punishable by a fine but might not outcome in a criminal record – as “less serious” than in other states.

But Stephanie says her mother is excited about the law transform for the reason that “she was extra worried about me obtaining caught with it, a motherly feeling that you are taking a threat with it”.

“This transform implies a threat aspect has been taken away.”

The ACT law, to take impact at the finish of January, will enable residents 18 years and more than to possess up to 50 grams and develop two plants, up to a total of 4 plants per household.

With the federal medicinal cannabis regime, introduced in 2016, nevertheless in its infancy, the ACT is ahead of the pack – 1 of only 3 jurisdictions exactly where it is decriminalised, along with the Northern Territory and South Australia – and is now the initially to legalise it.

Stephanie says “it’s vital for individuals younger than me, who could have had their life ruined by a thing they did when they had been younger and extra silly”. But Stephanie, who operates in building, is nevertheless unwilling to give her true name for the reason that she could be subjected to drug testing at operate.

In addition to employment penalties, there is also the added complication that possession is nevertheless an offence in the commonwealth criminal code, and no one can say definitively that cannabis possession will be with out threat.

The federal lawyer common, Christian Porter, says the commonwealth offence might nevertheless apply and the Australian federal police – which polices each ACT and commonwealth law – is nevertheless thinking of the query.

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Even the commonwealth director of public prosecutions, Sarah McNaughton, seems confused – issuing 1 set of assistance that commonwealth law delivers a defence for individuals engaged in conduct “justified or excused” by a state or territory law – later withdrawn due to unspecified “legal complexities”.

Michael Pettersson, the Labor member of the ACT Legislative Assembly who moved the productive private member’s bill, says the ACT law was “meant to enact and empower” precisely the sort of justification and excuse contemplated in commonwealth law.

But there has been no detailed judicial consideration of the defence in commonwealth law and Porter says “the expectation would be commonwealth laws would be enforced” – which means it might take a test case to prove the point. Even though the well being minister, Greg Hunt, says the federal government has “no plans” to straight override the law, Porter hasn’t ruled it out.

Pettersson says it is rewarding to see the bill, initially presented in November 2018, come to fruition for the reason that “it implies if an adult is caught with a smaller quantity of cannabis for their personal use [they won’t] have to have to face criminal charge”.

He notes that even though two thirds of individuals caught with cannabis received fines or had been diverted into a well being system, the other third did “go by means of some level of the criminal justice system”.

The law has its opponents – notably the ACT Liberals and the Morrison government.

On Friday, Hunt stated even though he will leave the legal side to Porter, he is “very concerned” about the well being side of the new law.

“We know that the Royal College of Psychiatrists in the UK has straight linked marijuana use to psychiatric circumstances such as schizophrenia,” he stated.

Hunt stated cannabis had a “very considerable mental well being risk”, citing the reality frequent customers have double the likelihood of schizophrenia, and quadruple for these who began applying it prior to the age of 15.

“I consider the ACT has not taken these elements into account: 1 in 4 individuals in drug and alcohol rehabilitation in Australia have cannabis as 1 of the sources of their troubles.”

The ACT shadow lawyer common, Jeremy Hanson, warned for the duration of parliamentary debate that the law sends the incorrect message, could improve use and the incidence of drug driving.

Pettersson dismisses the issues. “This is not Colorado, we’re not opening up retail retailer dispensaries,” he says. “It does not legalise the sale or provide of cannabis, it does not legalise drug driving and it does not legalise possession for kids.”

“I consider it is a bit disingenuous to pretend that cannabis is a uncommon or difficult to access substance … If somebody desires to use cannabis ideal now possibilities are they can use it.”

Pettersson cites the reality 1 third of Australians have employed cannabis in their lifetime and 1 in 10 have employed cannabis in the final year.

Drug policy consultant Jarryd Bartle says the outcomes of decriminalisation differ about the globe beneath distinct models but “generally, decriminalisation of the possession and use of cannabis has no impact on the quantity of individuals applying cannabis”.

“Importantly also, there is no improve and in some circumstances a reduce in the level of young individuals applying cannabis in legalised jurisdictions,” he says.

Pettersson promises the ACT government will run a “large public well being campaign” prior to the transform requires impact.

“If somebody has a difficulty with drug addiction they have to have to speak to a medical professional and placing as couple of barriers to them accessing these well being solutions as feasible is a fantastic point.”

Stephanie says the law will not transform her and her housemate’s behaviour. “We’re not specifically going to go about and flaunt it.”

“People have been carrying out it for a although … so it genuinely does not make a distinction it is just there’s significantly less threat now.

“I do not consider they’re going to smoke extra – you cannot go into a shop and invest in it, it is nevertheless difficult to get. I personally do not consider it will encourage individuals to commence smoking.”

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