1 April 2019: Digital sequence facts (DSI) on genetic sources has emerged as a important subject of deliberation in all fora associated to biodiversity use and access and advantage-sharing (ABS). Following choices of their respective governing bodies, the Convention on Biological Diversity ( CBD) and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Sources for Meals and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) have known as for submission of views and facts aiming to shed light on several DSI-associated difficulties.
As biodiversity-primarily based study and improvement is increasingly primarily based on the facts content material of genetic sources, enabled by genomic technologies, physical access to biological samples of genetic sources might turn out to be unnecessary, and fair and equitable advantage-sharing tougher to accomplish. This creates important implications for international ABS systems, like the CBD’s Nagoya Protocol on ABS and the ITPGRFA Multilateral Program of ABS, as effectively as relevant targets beneath SDGs two (zero hunger) and 15 (life on land).
In the context of the ITPGRFA, the Treaty’s Governing Physique has decided to take into account, at its forthcoming eighth session to be held in November 2019, the possible implications of the use of DSI on genetic sources for the objectives of the Treaty, and to take into account it for inclusion in the Multi-Year Programme of Perform of the Governing Physique. In preparation, the ITPGRFA Secretariat has invited submission of facts by 17 May well 2019 on:
- terminology employed in this region
- actors involved with DSI on plant genetic sources for meals and agriculture
- the varieties and extent of utilizes of DSI, such as characterization, breeding and genetic improvement, conservation, and identification and
- the relevance of DSI for meals safety and nutrition.
A science and policy-primarily based approach on DSI has been established in the CBD framework, entailing the submission of views and facts, the commissioning and peer assessment of 4 research, an Ad Hoc Technical Professional Group (AHTEG), and consideration of the AHTEG’s outcomes by the Operating Group established to help the preparation of the post-2020 worldwide biodiversity framework. In this context, the CBD Secretariat has invited submission of views and facts by 1 June 2019 on:
- the idea, like relevant terminology and scope, of DSI on genetic sources and if and how domestic measures on ABS take into account DSI
- advantage-sharing arrangements from industrial and non-industrial use of DSI and
- capacity-developing demands relating to access, use, generation, and evaluation of DSI on genetic sources, in certain for the 3 CBD objectives.
[ITPGRFA Notification] [ CBD Notification]