Sustainability — each financial and environmental — has been a key consideration in the cannabis business for years, and as extra states approve health-related and recreational cannabis, the use and overuse of sources becomes a larger concern.

One particular of the crucial subjects of conversation has been power consumption from indoor cannabis cultivation, which reportedly generates a $six billion in power expenses every year and makes use of around 10 instances as considerably power per square foot as a standard workplace developing.

According to Evan Mills, a University of California at Berkeley analysis affiliate and power analyst, that is equal to the quantity of power utilised to energy 1.7 million U.S. properties. In addition, the greenhouse gas pollution from indoor cannabis cultivation is the exact same as that generated by three million automobiles.

In California, exactly where the biggest quantity of cannabis is grown in the U.S., indoor marijuana cultivation is accountable for three% of all electrical energy utilised in the state. In Denver, Colorado, indoor cultivation accounts for just about four% of the city’s total electrical energy use.

The Dirty Side of a Swiftly Increasing Market place

In the course of my previous research looking at land use and water challenges in the business, I found the higher electric grid demands of marijuana cultivation web sites — an business trouble that happens at each licensed and unlicensed facilities.

The cannabis space continues to endure from a lack of peer-reviewed research seeking at resource use, but Mills’ report, “The Carbon Footprint of Indoor  Cannabis Production,” highlights an ugly reality of increasing cannabis indoors — it consumes 1% of our nation’s electrical energy.

The paper compares power use in the cannabis sector to that of other sectors, such as:

  • Alcohol, exactly where the quantity of power necessary to produce one particular jointequals that of 18 pints of beer and,
  • Medicine, exactly where indoor cultivations need roughly 4 instances as considerably power on a per square-foot basis as a hospital.

These challenges have drawn the interest of utility organizations and regulators nationwide, such as in states exactly where marijuana policy shifts have but to happen. For instance, Efficiency Vermont is actively operating with suppliers and growers to determine the greatest lighting and increasing solutions for power efficiency and will create incentives for dehumidification, HVAC, and lighting.

With higher projections set for industry income, concentrate shifts toward power demands on the production side. Measures of sustainability for cannabis cultivation, and how to realize them, have but to be agreed upon as the industry continues to evolve nationwide.

Sustainability Possibilities

In addition to power consumption, water and other all-natural sources are aspect of the sustainability conversation in the marijuana business. At the fiveth  Marijuana Company Conference & Expo, a selection of sessions touched upon these challenges.

One particular such session, Cultivation Workshop: Lowering Power Use & Lowering Fees By means of Sustainability, presented by Kathleen Hokanson (of Koan Power Consultants) and Matthew Gaboury (of Cultivar) highlighted a key business concern — staggering power and water demand and expense — alongside methods for new and current cannabusinesses to improve their triple bottom line (social, environmental, and financial bottom line).

The presenters discussed how developing and organization operations impact the resource requires of a web site — and the roles of automation and technologies — as properly as the selection of energy sources readily available geographically, such as renewables. In some markets exactly where solar, wind, and geothermal are not readily available, credits are representing the environmental attributes of renewable power.

In addition, a quantity of tax credits and other incentives are readily available. The Obama Administration extended tax credits for wind and solar by means of 2020, when other federal, state, and nearby rebates incentivize inclusion of green technologies. These policies weren’t established with the cannabis business in thoughts, though the Oregon Power Trust, a state-chartered organization, leads the way in educating and assisting cannabis cultivators. The power trust has created available cash incentives for cultivators, which could cover up to 50% of project expenses.

At the nearby level, Boulder County requires the lead as an innovator in advertising sustainable power use practices by means of the Boulder County Power Effect Offset Fund, which promotes marijuana business use of renewable power, educates cultivators on effective cultivation practices, and funds carbon offset and renewable power projects. The plan notes sizable energy demand at an typical Boulder develop web site (five,000 sq. ft) practically 41,900 kilowatt hours month-to-month, compared to a similarly sized industrial space, making use of roughly five,700 kilowatts.

Some states and municipalities mandate indoor cultivation, when in other individuals, this is the only viable choice. Climate forces lots of growers indoors in some markets, such as humid Hawaii, when Alaska’s dark winters will hold lots of newly licensed growers indoors, though the state does not mandate indoor cultivation. In arid regions, such as the Southwest, lots of communities permit outside cultivation.

Technologies and Sustainability

Technologies is playing a substantial function in sustainability for cannabis cultivators. Power effective lighting and solar panels are just two methods cannabis growers are saving sources and dollars in the extended-term.

For instance, a new variety of lighting manufactured by G2V Optics is currently getting tested in Canada. The G2V lights are reportedly twice as efficient as other develop lights in testing at Endless Sky Canna Corp in British Columbia. In addition, Green Hygienics Holdings is investing in cultivation and aeroponics technologies to lower the expense of production and maximize yield when getting extremely environmentally-friendly.

You can count on to see extra technologies created in help of sustainability initiatives in the close to future.


When deciding to launch or expand cannabis cultivation operations, have a program in spot and know the geography you want to function in early on:

  • Will state and nearby regulations dictate land use and logistical possibilities?
  • Will you be necessary to develop indoors?
  • Can you use a greenhouse or hoop home as an alternative?
  • Can you incorporate solar panels, wind turbines, or a geothermal properly in your facility in an urban or rural region?
  • Do you program to incorporate onsite extraction facilities or a dispensary? This may possibly improve your power consumption later on.
  • Do you program to meet Leadership in Power & Environmental Design and style (LEED) requirements and operate in a LEED-certified developing?

In lots of instances, cannabis cultivators want to be as environmentally-friendly as probable, but nearby regulations can make it tough to do so. In the end, the investment in sustainability initiatives will spend off in the extended-run in spite of the brief-term challenges.

Initially published 12/21/16. Updated three/15/19.