Lebanon has most surely the oldest Hashish culture on the Mediterranean Sea it is at the finish of the oldest trading route on the Euro-Asian continent, the Silk Road. The Silk Road begins in China, goes by way of India, Afghanistan and Central Asia, passing by way of the 3 prospective birthplaces of Cannabis, to finish on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, in Lebanon.

The sieving approach made use of in Lebanon is various from other making nations it is accomplished in a closed area and extra akin to separating the chaff from grains or sieving flour. Utilizing a standard sieving tool, a circular wood frame two inches wide covered with a tightly stretched sieving material, various size of sieves are made use of to separate the plant material from the trichomes by stage. With each and every successive sieving of the material, the resin is separated from the contaminants step-bystep defining quantity. Gentle handling of the material added to the use of the appropriately sized sieves have maintained Lebanese hashish excellence more than time.


Afghanistan was the Mecca of Hashish with a lengthy reputation for the highest high quality, with traditions possibly going back to the mysterious and secretive origins of Hashish.

The most important sieving gear in Afghanistan is created of a huge rectangular wood frame more than which silk material is tightly stretched. A worker on each and every finish shakes the frame, and a third handles the threshed material so that no material piles up in the sieving space. Dry sieving is accomplished in the winter, in dry and cold circumstances and typically in an open sheltered courtyard. The material is initially lightly agitated side-to-side by the two handlers and hardly touched by the third so that as tiny contaminants as doable are made for the duration of this initially light agitation. The resin from the initially light sieving of the material is collected just before a second handling of the material. This higher level of purity is the 1st Grade. The material is agitated a second time, a tiny extra forcefully by the two handlers as the flowers are gently broken down by the third particular person which begins to make contaminants and is consequently classified as Second Grade. The material is agitated a third time with an up-and-down motion and sideto- side movements to facilitate separation as the material is broken up additional for the Third Grade. The agitation at that level remains the identical going forward. Nevertheless, the handling of the material becomes step-by-step a tiny stronger each and every time, from a light caressing stress to a extra forceful hand spreading of the material more than the perforations of the sieve. The tougher the touch, the larger the prospective contaminants will be made.

A wide bowl with a silk or nylon material tightly stretched more than it to include the collected resin and reduce impurities is also made use of in Afghanistan. It is extra adapted to processing smaller sized quantities of flowers for their seeds even though collecting the resin or processing imperfectly sieved resin to improve the level of purity. The principle remains nonetheless the identical, the bowl with the sieve material stretched more than it is held at the slight angle with a receptacle beneath it to obtain the falling material. The flowers are placed on the larger portion of the bowl, and by tapping with one particular hand on the stretched sieve like a drum, the flowers bounce gently more than the perforations detaching trichomes heads from their stalks just before separating and falling by way of the perforations to the getting container under the resin is collected just before additional processing. The drumming remains the identical, but on the second pass, the flowers are beginning to be broken up. On the third pass, the flowers are completely broken. On the fourth, the broken material is gently caressed more than the meshes. On the fifth, a tiny tougher and so on till no trichomes are left. The tougher the touch, the larger the percentage of contaminants made.

The approach is slightly various when operating with sieved resin, only one particular or two passes and just one particular-handed drumming are needed with loose trichomes heads. Something that does not pass by way of the meshes of the sieve will not be processed additional.


The history of Hashish in Morocco is fairly current, the export of Hashish began in the late 1960s. The smallest making area of the planet with the shortest history of Cannabis resin processing has come to be the biggest exporter of Hashish in the planet in a tiny more than half a century. The methods made use of in Morocco are a fusion of various sieving methods imported possibly by foreign Hashishin and hippies in the late 60s.

The Moroccan approach also favors the use of a wide bowl, nevertheless the sieve material types a huge pocket securely strapped to the bowl rather of getting stretched like a drum skin. The flowers are cleaned of stems and branches prior to processing, the ready material is placed on the sieve and covered with a strong sheet of thick plastic stretched tightly. Moroccan Hashishins use two sticks to beat on the plastic and bounce the flowers up and down involving the sieve pocket and the stretched plastic cover to detach the resin heads from their stalks. The sticks are of the identical length but of various thickness which offers a level of handle on the force of the agitation. The initially pass is quick and accomplished by gentle drumming on the outer edge of the bowl to make a light bouncing of the flowers the second pass is a tiny stronger and longer and so on till the material bounces back really hard involving the sieve pocket, acting like a trampoline, and the plastic cover. The tougher the beating, the larger the percentage of contaminants.

The lightest agitation of dry and brittle Cannabis plant material creates contaminants. This is the main obstacle in dry-sieving and the defining criteria of high quality in making nations.


The use of water when sieving Cannabis resin is the only evolution in this thousand-yearold methodology. The sieve and sieving material have evolved, but the methodology had not noticed any adjust till water was added to the course of action.


The initially and clear evolution more than dry sieving is the capacity to operate with rehydrated plant material which eliminates brittleness and the formation of contaminants for the duration of agitation. It is practically not possible to make contaminants when the plant matter is completely rehydrated. Only ice cubes made use of to preserve the water cold, have the prospective to crush the material for the duration of agitation and make contaminants.


The dry sieving methodology is created of two inseparable processes, the agitation of the plant material to detach the resin heads from their stalks and the separation of contaminants and resin heads by way of the perforations in the sieve.

The use of water adjustments the really foundation of the sieving methodology. The processes of agitating the plant material and separating the trichomes heads from their stalks can now be divided into two separate stages.

The plant matter can be manually or mechanically agitated in ice cold water to detach the trichome heads optimally from their stalks, then the water holding the resin heads can be poured by way of the various sized sieving bags to maximize the separation course of action.

Water offers the capacity to shake the plant matter completely to detach the trichome heads without the need of building contaminants. The high quality of the resin collected is no longer defined by cleanliness but by the maturity of the trichome heads, by the quantity of resin formed inside the heads, aka the melt.


The optimum maturity of trichomes is tough to judge accurately by size alone and to complicate matters additional, the coloring of the trichome heads is not a trusted indicator either. The common assumption says that transparent resin heads are immature, milky white indicates ripeness, and amber implies a degradation of the resin. The truth is a tiny extra difficult, as noted by David J. Potter in the chapter entitled Cannabis Horticulture in the Handbook of Cannabis (Oxford University Press, 2014, pg. 71) “However, a study of more than 300 dry cannabis samples indicated minimal correlation involving trichomes colour and potency, except in relation to darker brown samples, clearly previous the peak of potency.”

The price of transparency loss seems to be a genotype-dependent characteristic of Cannabis resin. Genetic makeup and expanding circumstances are deciding elements in trichome head improvement and final coloring at maturity. As trichomes age, the resin heads initially turn milky white and then transitions from a light to a dark amber. This amber colour spectrum is wide, and only the darker colored trichomes will show a  degradation of THC into CBN but not as a rule.two

An correct evaluation of optimal trichome head maturity primarily based solely on coloration or size is quite significantly not possible nevertheless, the capacity to identify and separate levels of ripeness in resin heads is essential to perfecting hash creating methodology and optimizing the various levels of high quality of the collected.

In Portion three, I will share the scientific proof that gave me the capacity to define and separate precisely the various dimensions of ripeness and maturity of trichome heads. We will also cover the tools, the medium, reside plants fresh and frozen, cured material and the implications Cannabis diversity has on ice water sieving methodology.



1. Entourage Impact: “Many of these compounds interact synergistically to make what scientists refer to as an “entourage effect” that magnifies the therapeutic rewards of the plant’s person components—so that the medicinal effect of the entire plant is higher than the sum of its components.” www.projectcbd.org/science/terpenes/terpenes-and-entourage-impact

two. (The Propagation, Characterization And Optimisation Of Cannabis Sativa L As A Phytopharmaceutical A thesis submitted by David Potter JP MIBiol CBiol FLS CMIOSH. In fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Physician of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Pharmaceutical Sciences Division of Pharmaceutical Science Investigation King’s College London March 2009. https://archive.org/stream/ ANNABISSATIVAASAPHYTOPHARMACEUTICAL/THE+PROPAGATION%2C+CHARACTERISATION+AND+OPTIMISATION+OF+ CANNABIS+SATIVA+AS+A+PHYTOPHARMACEUTICAL_djvu.txt),


Frenchy Cannoli is a consultant, educator, and writer in the Cannabis market with particular concentrate on hash creating employing standard techniques. Frenchy can be reached by way of his site at: www.frenchycannoli.com or noticed on Instagram @frenchycannoli.


Words by Frenchy Cannoli
Photos by IG @trichomeartstudio

Initially published in Weed Globe Magazine situation 138