C. Sativa | Taxonomic History | What is a “Strain”?


C. Sativa is the term that refers to a singular species of flowering plants belonging to the cannabaceae genus that we generally refer to as “marijuana”.

Exactly where does C. Sativa come from?

It is normally accepted that C. Sativa originates from, and is indigenous to, Central Asia.

Are there other varieties, varieties, strains, cultivars, species, or sub-species of cannabis?

This is exactly where items can get a small confusing. When we speak about cannabis in this context (correct naming or nomenclature) we have to decide how the language becoming utilised to describe or name cannabis is derived.

Prior to science had progressed to the point exactly where plants such as cannabis could be classified, described, or named according to their chemical structure (cannabinoid, terpenoid or flavonoid profiles), we primarily based these choices upon physical descriptions of the plant as it existed in nature.

Not surprisingly, this resulted in a quantity of divergent descriptions of cannabis. These various descriptions of its physical qualities had a extended-lasting effect on how cannabis was subsequently classified and understood.

The purpose of taxonomy is to name items, but implicit in their naming is a denotation of a taxonomic hierarchy for that which is becoming named.

In other words, the correct name of cannabis is critical for its personal sake, but much more importantly, its official name alludes to its position in a classification hierarchy that enables us to track its lineage.

Why is it critical to refer to cannabis by its correct name?

It is critical to refer to cannabis by its correct name due to the fact in performing so we make sure that absolutely everyone is speaking about the exact same factor. It enables us to communicate significantly much more properly each in business and investigation circles, but also in the public discourse. This serves to limit and minimize the quantity of innacurate info pertaining to cannabis as properly as inhibit men and women perpetuating misinformation either out of ignorance or self-interest.

a greater way to speak about cannabis

Carl Linnaeus and Jean Baptiste de Lamarck have been the men and women accountable for coining the terms “sativa” and “indica” respectively.

In 1753 Linnaeus initially classified the cannabaceae genus as monotypic, which means it had only a single species which he known as Cannabis Sativa Linnaeus.

In 1785 Lamarck classified a second species of cannabaceae genus which he known as Cannabis Indica Lamarck.

All through the 20th century this course of action of naming and hierarchal classification of cannabis continued, with many taxonomists proposing option systems.

In 1976 a taxonomic revision was published whereby cannabis was recognized as a single species with two sub-species. They are:

C. sativa Linnaeus. subspecies. sativa  and C. sativa Linnaeus. subspecies. indica Lamarck.

It was postulated that the subspecies sativa diverged from the subspecies indica as a outcome of human choice. The former was mostly utilised for fibre and seed production when the latter was utilised for drug preparations.

Inside these subspecies, varieties of “wild” or “escaped” cannabis are identified. The subspecies sativa has a spontanea wide variety and the subspecies indica has a kafiristanica wide variety. The initially becoming non-psychoactive and the second becoming psychoactive.

As a result it can clearly be noticed how the terms “indica” and “sativa” have had their meanings misconstrued more than time.

To simplify the issue, cannabis can be sorted into 3 broad functional categories. They are as follows:

  • plants cultivated for fiber and seed production, described as low-intoxicant, non-drug, or fiber varieties.
  • plants cultivated for drug production, described as higher-intoxicant or drug varieties.
  • escaped, hybridised, or wild types of either of the above varieties.
What are “indica strains” and “sativa strains”?

A “strain” is a term that has been wrongly perpetuated to share synonymity with the term “cultivar”.

A cultivar is an official plant wide variety created in cultivation, the notion of “variety” becoming related to the wild or escaped cannabis varieties of spontanea or kafiristanica.

In this sense, the term “strain” is conceptually borrowed from the term “cultivar”, but fails to satisfy significantly of the inclusion criterion needed to be viewed as a correct cultivated wide variety of cannabis.

The query is, if the term “strain” does not denote a unique wide variety of cannabis what does it imply?

Properly, the term “strain” can’t be utilised to describe a wide variety of cannabis in the taxonomic sense, it can having said that communicate variations that may well be relevant to a customer.

For instance, a unique strain (instance: crazy dope 9) may well not be a taxonomic wide variety of cannabis, but may well have exclusive physical qualities such as colour, smell and texture. In this way differentiating amongst customer merchandise working with strain names as a qualifier is a fully various use of the word. It is pretty related to other trade solution qualifiers such as these utilised to differentiate amongst canned soups at the grocery shop like garden flavour, thick and chunky, spicy, and so forth.

The problem is that the term “strain” has not been constrained to a unique set of differentiating qualities like smell, taste and texture. Its use is more than-broad and can also reference the therapeutic possible of a unique trade solution or, as stated previously, make reference to the taxonomic terms “sativa” and “indica” which is problematic.

Why do persons continue to refer to “indica strains” and “sativa strains” in the context of narcotic possible?

We return to taxonomic debate. A single of the main revisions of the taxonomic classification of cannabis vying for primacy in the 1970’s was primarily based on the thought that sufficient morphological variations existed to recognize 3 distinct species.  These species have been C. Ruderalis, C. Sativa, and C. Indica.

This competed with the monotypic understanding of cannabis postulated by Linnaeus in 1753, and as a outcome persons started to distinguish amongst “sativa strains” and “indica strains” (each viewed as to be narcotic) on the basis that their leaves have been “narrow” and “wide” respectively. Though C. Ruderalis (HEMP) was described as “short, branchless, and wild”.

More than time the nuances of the psychoactive knowledge elicited by cannabis was overlaid onto this understanding of “sativa strains” and “indica strains”. As a outcome the terms have come to communicate a secondary which means which is the kind of “high” that they create.

This is fully incorrect while it is broadly accepted and utilised in the business and marketplace.


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